So, The Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit are distinct/separate, and do not come together to form one divine being/deity, but rather that, they are united in purpose and action. It is that same kind of unity that is expected of us as Christians/Believers. As recorded in John 17:6-26 (particularly verses 11,21-23), Jesus prayed for His disciples, and for all ‘would-be’ believers. And the crux of the prayer was that, the disciples and the believers may be one, just as He (Jesus) and the Father are one. He said: “That they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me. And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.” (John 17:21-23) If we believe that Jesus’s prayer was answered (John 11:40-44) then we can safely agree that, that level of unity was what was seen in the life of the Apostles as captured in Acts 4:32-35. Remember how they were of one heart and one soul; neither did anyone say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. This attitude existed among the divine beings too; Jesus once said: “All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He (the Holy Spirit) will take of Mine and declare it to you.” (John 16:15)
Consider Jesus’s prayer for the disciples again; I don’t think anybody will suggest, even for a moment, that Jesus was asking that the disciples and the believers should merge into one/single physical being or become intertwined into one/single physical being; obviously not! Remember, Jesus used similes, metaphors, and other literally/linguistic tools extensively; He was talking about ‘oneness;’ social/relational agreement/unity; for that is the kind of ‘relationship’ that exist between Jesus and the Father; they are not one/single deity as some may want to suggest. This ‘unity/oneness’ idea is easy to appreciate when you consider the instance of married couple becoming one; Genesis 2:24 says: “Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.” Jesus once quoted this scripture and went further to state thus: “so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.” (Mark 10:7-8) The question is, do the two really become one flesh physically? Certainly not; but rather one only in purpose and action, or otherwise spiritually, or simply in concept! So, for instance, when Jesus says that “I and my Father are one” (John 10:30) or when the Bible says that “For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one,” (1 John 5:7) we should not misconstrue it to mean that they are merged or intertwined as one being; that will be defeating the virtue of ‘unity’ or ‘being one’ as espoused in the Bible. Thankfully 1 John 5:7-8 (especially Verse 8) draws that parallel/point by saying: “7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. 8 And there are three that bear witness on earth: the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one.”
Jesus is currently seated at the right hand of God (Mark 16:19, Ephesians 1:20, Romans 8:34, Etc.) Is this figurative, or is it literal? If it is figurative (as in just denoting a place/position of authority), then by the same reason/extension we can readily affirm that ‘I and my Father are one’ is also figurative (denoting unity/oneness; as earlier espoused). If it is literal, then the clear distinction is even made more apparent and thus consistent.
And just between us, I (Kweku Egyir) and my father (Kobina Egyir) are one! Truly, we agree so much and share common traits; our complexion, looks, the way we think, write, walk, talk, etc. In fact, if you see me you’ve seen my father Kobina Egyir. Selah!